Response Customization

The DiVA API provides view endpoints for requesting aggregated data from the Marqeta platform. You can retrieve data as a JSON object or export the data in a file.

For GET requests to the /views endpoint, the DiVA API provides a filter syntax and query parameters that allow you to customize the responses. You can obtain the field names and associated data types for a given view by retrieving a JSON representation of the schema.

Response formats

JSON results

The default response format is a JSON object that contains metadata about the query results and an array of records matching your query. The API processes the request synchronously and returns up to a limit of 10,000 result records.

The following sample shows a JSON response. For a description of the metadata returned with query results, see "Response field details" on this page.

{
"total": 372,
"is_more": true,
"count": 100,
"info": {},
"start_date": "2016-10-24T01:05:26+0000",
"end_date": "2016-10-28T21:15:24+0000",
"last_run_time": "",
"schema": [
...
],
"records" : [
...
]
}

File exports (CSV and XLSX)

As an alternative to returning your data set as a JSON object, you can export it as a CSV or XLSX file. The export mechanism operates asynchronously and returns up to 1,048,576 rows in the file. You can choose between Zip and Gzip file compression. See Exporting and Downloading Data Sets for more information.

Schema object

You can retrieve the JSON-formatted schema for any view by appending /schema to the endpoint URL. The schema contains an array of objects that describe the fields available in the view, including the data type of each field. For example, to retrieve the view schema for authorization transaction data aggregated by week, send a GET request to the /views/authorizations/week/schema endpoint.

The following table lists the possible properties for a field in the view schema.

Name Description
field Field name in the view.
type Data type of the field. See possible data types in the following table.
display Column name in the related report in Program Dashboard, if applicable.
enum_values List of allowable values, if applicable.
units Type of currency, if applicable; otherwise null.
has_total True if the field value can be used to compute a total value (for example, most integer fields, except for the last four numbers of a card).
date_format Format of the string for a date field.
is_filter_only True if the field is not part of the view schema and is used only for filtering results.

The following table lists the possible data types for fields.

Type Description
integer Number for integer data.
numeric(x,y) Number with x digits, y decimals.
bigint Number for integer data that may exceed the range supported by int.
character varying(x) String with max length x.
timestamp without time zone Date-formatted string (e.g. 2017-01-18T09:44:54.000Z).
date Date-formatted string with zeros as the time (e.g. 2017-01-18T00:00:00.000Z).

Query filtering

You can filter the results by values in any fields of a view. If you do not include a date range in your query, the API returns matching data for a recent period of time.

For example, suppose you want to query the load data for February (post_date=2018-02-01..2018-02-28), and you only want to retrieve results for days on which the load amount was greater than $1000 (amount=>1000). You submit a GET request to the following endpoint:

/views/loads/day?program=my_program&amount=>1000&post_date=2018-02-01..2018-02-28

The filter syntax supports the following operators.

Operator Description Example
~ Like, interprets a wildcard on both sides of the operator. company=Mar~eta
.. Range between, includes the start and end values of the range. date=2016-10-01..2016-10-03

includes dates from 10/01/16 to 10/03/16
<, <= Less than, Less than or equal to. request_amount=<=100
>, >=  Greater than, Greater than or equal to. date=>=2018-04-01
= For numeric values, equal to. For string values, in list. amount=0

country="United States of America",Mexico,Canada
=! For numeric values, not equal to. For string values, not in list. amount=!0

last_name=!Summers,Rosenberg,Harris

Create lists by combining values with a comma (,). You can use lists with the in (=) and not in (=!) operators only.

Use double quotes (") around strings that contain spaces.

Note: The filter logic must be compatible with the data type of the field. If you use an operator that is not compatible with the data type of a field, the API returns a 400 HTTP error code. To obtain the field names and associated data types, retrieve the schema object. For more details, see "Schema Object" on this page.


Field filtering

You can select which fields to return and in what order by appending the fields query parameter to your request and specifying a comma delimited list of field names. For example:

/views/authorizations/detail?program=my_program&fields=transaction_timestamp,state,transaction_amount


Sorting and pagination

The DiVA API supports sorting and pagination for customized responses. You can use sorting to choose the order of the records and pagination to return a specific range or a specific number of the ordered records. You control sorting and pagination by appending query parameters to your request.

For example, to return the 100 largest authorization requests for a day, submit a GET request to the following endpoint:

/views/authorizations/detail?program=myprogram&transaction_timestamp=2017-10-21&sort_by=-request_amount&count=100

Query parameter details

The following table provides details on the URL query parameters that control sorting and pagination.

Parameter Description Default Value Allowable Values
sort_by Fields by which to sort. Use any fields in the view schema, or one of the system fields "lastModifiedTime" or "createdTime". Prefix a field name with a hyphen (-) to sort in descending order. Omit the hyphen to sort in ascending order. Varies by view Any field in the schema
count Maximum number of records to return. 10,000 Up to 10,000 for JSON

Up to 1,048,576 for file exports
start_index Sort order index from which to begin returning data. 0 (the first row) Any integer

Response field details

The following table describes metadata returned with query results.

Name Type Description Allowable Values
total integer Number of records that match the filter query. Any integer
is_more boolean Indicates whether more unreturned records exist that match the filter query. true | false
count integer Number of records returned. Up to 10,000 for JSON

Up to 1,048,576 for file exports
info object Error messages for the request, if applicable. JSON object
start_date string Creation date and time of earliest record returned. yyyy-MM-dd'T'HH:mm:ssZ
end_date string Creation date and time of latest record returned. yyyy-MM-dd'T'HH:mm:ssZ
last_run_time string Date and time this query was run. Applies when the data is cached from a recent query. For more information, see Data Caching. yyyy-MM-dd'T'HH:mm:ssZ
schema array of objects Array containing the schema for the returned records. JSON object
records array of objects Array containing the returned records. JSON object that matches the schema

Data aggregation levels

For some view endpoints, you must specify the aggregation level for data in the response. For example, you may want to aggregate transactional data by day or by month. The available aggregation options vary based on the type of data in the view.

By time period

The time_agg path parameter specifies the available levels for data that can be aggregated by time period, such as transactions.

Name Description
detail Each row contains details about a single event, such as a transaction.
day Each row contains data aggregated over a day.
week Each row contains data aggregated over a week.
month Each row contains data aggregated over a month.

By account

The account_agg path parameter specifies the available levels for data that can be aggregated by account, such as balances.

Name Description
actor Each row contains data aggregated by acting card holder.
accountholder Each row contains data aggregated by account.
business Each row contains data aggregated by business account.

By level of card network detail

The column_detail path parameter specifies the available levels for data that can be aggregated by card network, such as loads and purchases.

Name Description
overview Shows data aggregated across card networks.
networkdetail Shows data broken out by card network.

Grouping and aggregating

The DiVA API enables you to sum and group numeric data. In a general sense, this functionality lets you answer the question: How much of quantity X exists per category Y? Quantity X represents your numeric data, and category Y represents your grouping.

For example, you might like to know the total amount of money your card holders spent per merchant over some time period. To construct a query that answers this question, you use both the fields and the group_by query parameters in your URL. The fields parameter specifies your numeric data, which in this case is the transaction amount. The group_by parameter specifies how you want your numeric data grouped. In this case, you want it grouped per merchant. You can then add an additional parameter to filter your results to fall within your desired time period. Here is a URL that performs that query and a sample record from the returned data set:

/views/authorizations/detail?program=my_program&fields=merchant,transaction_amount&group_by=merchant&transaction_timestamp=2018-04-05

{
"merchant": "ACME SHOESTRING INC",
"transaction_amount": 2103.3
},
. . .

As the sample indicates, you should include your group_by value (in this case, merchant) in the fields parameter. The order of fields within the fields parameter controls the ordering of fields in the returned records.


Currency conversion

The DiVA API enables you to convert the currency of amount values returned by some views. To convert the currency of the returned amounts, you must append the to_currency query parameter to your request.

For example, to convert amounts returned by the /views/authorizations/day view to Canadian dollars, append the query parameter to_currency=CAD to your request.

The DiVA API converts amounts using the historic conversion rate for the date with which your data is associated. You can check the currency of a returned amount using the schema provided in the response.

Note: Currency conversion is only supported when aggregating views at the day or detail levels.

For a list of supported currencies, see the Currencies page.